- Scientific name: Camponotus cruentatus
- Taxonomic classification:
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Arthropoda
- Class: Insecta
- Order: Hymenoptera
- Family: Formicidae
- Subfamily: Formicinae
- Genus: Camponotus
- Species: C. cruentatus
- Geographic distribution: Camponotus cruentatus is mainly found in southern Europe, in countries such as Spain, Italy, Greece, and Turkey.
- Physical characteristics: Workers of Camponotus cruentatus have variable sizes, with lengths ranging from 5 to 12 mm. They have a robust body and a relatively large head compared to the body. The color of the body can vary, but they generally have a reddish or dark brown hue.
- Behavior: Camponotus cruentatus is primarily nocturnal, meaning it is more active during the night. They are omnivorous ants that feed on nectar, fruit juices, and occasionally smaller insects. They can build their nests in decaying wood, cracks in tree bark, or in the soil.
- Conservation status: There is no specific information available about the conservation status of Camponotus cruentatus.
- Additional notes: Camponotus cruentatus is known for its distinctive coloration and relatively large size. This species can be considered a pest in certain circumstances, as it can damage wood structures. In nature, it plays an important role in the decomposition of organic matter and in interacting with other species in its ecosystem.
Queen, Queen with 1-5 worker ants, Queen with 6 -10 worker ants, Queen with 11 – 20 worker ants